When The Souls Come Visiting ~ The Parsi Muktad Ceremony

Pune Muktad CeremonyFriends,

‘Muktad’ is an annual ceremony observed by Parsi Zoroastrians all over the world, ten days prior to the Parsi New Year (‘Navroj’/’Navroz’).

Some of the words, practices/rituals, customs, ceremonies and beliefs may seem quaint to non-Parsis.

Zoroastrianism being one of the oldest practising religions in the world, these customs, ceremonies and beliefs have been passed down from generation to generation, over the centuries. And every generation has happily embraced the same and passed it on to the new generation with equal fervour and passion.

Please allow me to share this with you.

Through this post, I hope you will come to know a little bit more about Parsis and the Zoroastrian religion. 🙂

Take care! Porus

Written By Ervad Marzban J. Hathiram

Ten days before the Parsi New Year (‘Navroj’/’Navroz’), Fire Temples/’Agiaries’ all around the world are dotted with roses and other flowers. One can see Parsi families dressed in spotless white, heads covered with scarves (‘mathu banu’) or prayer caps, proceeding solemnly to their ‘Agiaries’ with their hands full of floral and sandalwood offerings.

Parsis believe that during these ten days – called ‘Farvardegan’ in Pahlavi or ‘Muktad’ in Gujarati, the ‘Ruvans’ or souls of their dear departed visit the Earth. It is considered the duty of their living kin to welcome and honour them by the observance of various ceremonies. Each departed soul has his/her individual vase, which may be a simple copper one or an elaborately carved silver one. Families book tables at their respective Fire Temples, where these vases are kept, filled with fresh well water that is changed daily. For, it is in this water that the souls reside during their ten-day earthly sojourn.

Everyday, family members visit the temples with fresh flowers while priests recite the ‘Afringan’, ‘Farrokshi’, ‘Stom’ and ‘Baj’ – Zoroastrian prayers. Fresh fruits and vegetarian meals are offered to the souls. An atmosphere of piety and devotion fills the halls of the ‘Agiaries’ where row upon row of tables loaded with an array of vases and flowers are lined up amidst the smoky haze of sandalwood fires and the aroma of incense. The high notes of the priests’ recitals complement the low drone of the faithful’s prayers. Indeed, it almost seems as if one is in paradise.

So what is the significance behind the ceremony? The word ‘Muktad’ is derived from the Sanskrit ‘Mukta Atma’ (Free Soul). The word ‘Farvardegan’ means the days of nourishment. Together, they give us the true import of these days.

According to Zoroastrianism, every thought, word and deed of an individual is recorded in Nature. As time passes, this collection of our life assumes a form called ‘Kerdar’.

This ‘kerdar’ meets the soul on the dawn of the fourth day after death – and presents itself either in the form of a beautiful maiden or an ugly hag. It is the soul’s constant duty, in case the ‘kerdar’ is a hag, to slowly work on her blemishes, which were caused by the individuals thoughts words and actions, and transform her into a beautiful maiden so that the soul and ‘kerdar’ may both pass on to higher realms.

However, during the ‘Muktad’ days, the souls get a “vacation” from this beautification, and descend to the Earth accompanied by the souls of very highly evolved entities, called ‘Ashaunam Fravashinam’ who come down to cleanse the earth during this time. It’s hard work and the souls expect their kin to nourish them spiritually to recharge their persona so that they may go back to their arduous task revitalized.

As the ‘Avesta’ (Primary Collection Of Sacred Texts Of Zoroastrianism) says, they come down singing: “Who will praise us? Who will offer us prayers? Who will meditate upon us? Who will love us? Who will receive and welcome us with (spiritual) food and clothes in hand and with a prayer worthy of bliss?”

The ceremonies performed for the souls during these days, combined with the coordinated use of specific metal vases, special flowers, spiritually charged well water and vegetarian meals give immense help and benefit to the visitors in their ongoing mission to cleanse their ‘kerdars’.

Muktad VasesFinally, on the tenth night, the relatives gather at the ‘agiary’/temple for the last prayers. A special hamper of food is prepared and laid out which the souls can “take back”.

It is a moving sight to see relatives, some with tears in their eyes, bidding adieu to the visitors as they take off for their respective (spiritual) planes, happy and content with the gifts they have received.

Traditionally, the ceremonies are supposed to continue for another seven days, which would cover the time taken by the souls to reach their destination. These seven days are also the days when the ‘Ashaunam Fravashinam’ give a spiritual bath to the entire earth, to remove the sins of the previous year. It is very necessary that ceremonies for these seven days also be observed.

The ‘Muktad’ is of great social significance since these ten days strengthen family bonds as estranged family members forget their petty differences and get together.

Houses are cleaned, an atmosphere of devotion is created and a feeling of respect for elders and the departed is instilled in younger members.

The ‘Muktad’ days are also an important reminder to the living about the transient nature of their existence; and the need to live lives of truth so that their own ‘kerdars’ do not haunt them when they pass over to the other side.

For more posts/articles on Music, Mirth, Moments & Money, please visit my blog – https://my4ms.wordpress.com/

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Is The Farohar A Zarathushti Symbol?

The farohar (also known as faravahar) is one of the best known symbols of Zarathushti religion. The term derives from the Middle Iranian word for fravashi meaning soul. It is said to depict the soul of a departed loved one as a guardian angel. How the figure became such a popular icon deserves a historic overview.

farohar 01

farohar 02The first thing to realize is that the symbol itself is neither Zarathushti nor Persian in origin. Its origins are in ancient Assyria, a city state in 25th or early–24th century BC to 605 BC in the area that is currently northern Iraq.

It was part of the larger Mesopotamia civilization. The Assyrian versions of the winged disc represent the deity Ashur. The depiction sometimes have the kingly figure inside the disc (above left), and others have him arising from within the disc (below left) in a design that is very close to the farohar as it appears in Persian art. In this depiction of Assyrian deity Ashur (above left) from a 9th or 8th c. BCE relief you can see the right hand is extended similar to the farohar figure, but the left hand holds a bow instead of a ring.

The early Achaemenenian kings conquered Mesopotamia in the 6th century B.C., almost a 1000 years after the depiction of the winged figure is known to have existed. They took many motifs of art that they saw in the fabulous palaces and cities in Mesopotamia back with them when they returned to Persia.

farohar 03

farohar 04One of the oldest Persian farohars is carved on the rock-cut tombs of the Achaemenian kings at Bisetoon (Bistun) in Iran.

The relief of Darius I is carved on the face of the limestone cliff about 100 metres up a from an ancient road that connected the capitals of Babylon and Ecbatana. It has a life-sized bas-relief of Darius, holding a bow as a sign of kingship, with his left foot on the chest of a figure lying on his back before him. Darius is attended to the left by two USHAO Electronic Edition: Spring 2013 7 servants, and ten one-metre figures stand to the right, with hands tied and rope around their necks, representing conquered peoples. A winged figure floats above. It is suggested that the winged figure is supposed to represent Ahura Mazda giving his blessing to Darius. This is based on the inscriptions carved into the rock. For example, one reads, “Ahura Mazda has granted unto me this empire. Ahura Mazda brought me help, until I gained this empire; by the grace of Ahura Mazda do I hold this empire.”

As you can see, the wings are squared off similar to the Assyrian motifs. As time went by, the figure grew more and more detailed and elaborate. The farohars that were carved in Persepolis is the one that has been adopted by Zarathushtis as their symbol. In the Persepolis carvings below, the farohar is depicted with the figure and without it similar to motifs seen today.

farohar 05

farohar 06After the Achaemenian dynasty, the image of the farohar disappeared from Persian art and architecture. The Parthians, Sassanians and Islamic kings that followed did not use the image. It was not until the 21st century, over 2000 years later, that the symbol re-emerged thanks to the work of a Parsi writer, J.M. Unvala.

In 1925 and 1930, Unvala wrote articles in which he linked the image of the farohar with the concept of the fravashi or guardian spirit. As you can see from the historical backtracking, the farohar is not from Zarathushtra’s time. In fact, it is not even originally Persian. Even the word farohar (or faravahar) is not Avestan. It is actually a Pahlavi or Middle Persian word from the root Avestan fravarti or fravashi, which means “protect” thus breeding the idea that a “fravashi” protects us and is, therefore, a guardian angel.

farohar 08One major discrepancy in this association of the winged figure being a fravashi from Zarathushti scripture is that in the Avestan language the term fravashi is depicted grammatically as female, yet the farohar symbol is distinctly male.

In 1928, the well-respected Avesta scholar, Irach Taraporewala, published an article discredited the idea that the winged figure represented Ahura Mazda or even a guardian spirit since Zarathushtra’s message saw Ahura Mazda in abstract terms of light and wisdom. He suggested that the figures used in Persian reliefs were meant to depict khvarenah or royal glory to reflect the USHAO Electronic Edition: Spring 2013 8; perceived divine empowerment of kings, and, therefore, has no true spiritual meaning.

However, Unvala’s work was very influential and the farohar became popular again as a design used in temples, publications, objects and jewellery. It has become so widespread that it has become a brand logo that is associated with Zarathushtis just as image of an apple with a bite in it has become associated with a specific computer.

Many people who followed Unvala began seeing added meaning in the figure, thereby, misrepresenting its value and place in Zarathushti scripture. For instance, people explained that in the centre of the figure the circle represents the soul of the individual; that the tail has three layers of feathers representing Humata (Good Thoughts), Hukhta (Good Words) and Hvarasta (Good Deeds); that each wing has five layers of feathers which represent the five Divine Songs (Gathas) of Zarathustra, or the five divisions of the day (Gehs), or the five senses of the human body. The reality is that the image came first and meaning was added later to make it fit Zarathushti tenets.

So, in response to the question, “Is the farohar a Zarathushti symbol?” the answer is yes, it is. However, it is a historic or a cultural symbol, not a religious one. **

• Ashur the National God of Assyria CHAPTER XIV from Myths of Babylonia and Assyri by Donald A. MacKenzie, [1915], at sacred-texts.com
• Assyria At Bisitun And The Universal Kingship of Darius I Of Persia. Ronan Head. http://www.academia.edu/242294/Assyria_at_Bisitun_and_the_Universal_Kingship_of_Darius_I_of_Persia
• Farvahar. Dr. Ali Jafarey. Shahnamehvairan.com
• Full translation of the Behistun Inscription from translations by L.W. King and R.C. Thompson. Wikipedia
• The Winged Figure: The History of the Farohar. Courtesy “Spenta,” The Zarathushtrian Assembly Bulletin The Parsi Zoroastrian Association of Singapore

Images from various Internet sites.

Courtesy: USHAO Electronic Edition: Spring 2013

For more posts/articles on Music, Mirth, Moments & Money, please visit my blog – https://my4ms.wordpress.com/


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22 Unusual Hybrid Animals That You Never Knew Existed


Maybe sometime it may have crossed your mind and you may have wondered what would happen if one animal cross breeds with a another animal –
– What would be the result?
– What would the hybrid look like?

Very often such thoughts remain in the imagination and fantasy part of our mind. Rarely, do we even venture to think that such a thing is even possible.Well, you are in for a surprise. Such cross breeding happens and is more prevalent than you think.

Check out the various cross breeding results below and let me know your thoughts on the same. 😉 🙂

— Porus

22 Unusual Hybrid Animals That You Never Knew Existed

1. Ligers
liger finalA Liger is a cross between a male lion and a tigress. They are the largest of all living cats and felines. In fact, some female Ligers alone can grow to 10 feet in length and weigh more than 700 pounds. They enjoy swimming, which is a characteristic of tigers, and are very sociable like lions. However, Ligers exist only in captivity because the habitats of the parental species do not overlap in the wild.

2. Leopon
leopon finalPut a male leopard and a lioness in a room together and you’ll typically see that Leopons have the head of the animal is similar to that of a lion while the rest of the body carries similarities to leopards. Although they are unlikely to occur in the wild, they have been bred in zoos in Japan, Germany and Italy.

3. Grolar Bear
grolar bear finalAs fascinating as this hybrid is, grizzly bears and polar bears have been known to couple up in the wild in the past. However, most known cases of Grolar Bears in existence have come into this world in captivity giving us partial credit for their discovery. Despite records of at least three sightings, Grolar Bears are still very similar to their parents, often having physical traits of both the grizzly and the polar bear.

4. Wolf Dog
wolfdog finalA Wolf Dog is a canid hybrid resulting from the mating of a gray wolf and a dog. While it is bred as a pet, it’s important to note that these are very large, very strong dogs. This isn’t the kind of pet you buy if you’ve never owned a dog before. Experience is needed. Typically, they are not prone to attack but they are very strong willed. If you have the experience though (and don’t own other, smaller animals), definitely go for it.

5. Savannah Cat
Savannah Cat finalA Savannah cat is a cross between a domestic cat and the serval, a medium-sized, large-eared wild African cat. The Savannah Cat is a loyal and affectionate companion that has a mannerism similar to that of a dog. It’s striking appearance and markings makes it an appealing pet for cat lovers but its personality is really what earns it so many fans. Who doesn’t love a loyal pet? It’s perhaps one of the largest breeds of domesticated cats and is a beautiful cat-breed of the African serval wild cat and domestic cat.

6. Cheetoh
CheetohCheetoh is a cross between specific Ocicats and Bengal Cats. The Cheetoh is a new breed of cat that is known for having a large amount of energy and curiosity.

7. Toyger
toygerThis breed’s creator, Judy Sugden, believed the best way to inspire people to care more about the conversion of tigers was to bring two species together. The Toyger is a breed of domestic cat, resulting from the breeding of the Bengal and short-haired Tabby cat. Everything about it screams “toy tiger!”

8. Wholphin
wholphin finalA Wholphin is an extremely rare hybrid born from the mating of a female dolphin and a male false killer whale. Wholphins are hybrids that have been reported to exist only in the wild. There are currently two in captivity, both of which can be seen at Sea Life Park in Hawaii. The Wholphin’s size, colour and shape are intermediate between the parent species.

9. Blood Parrot
Blood ParrotsUnusually bright orange with a red body and deformed swim bladders, the Blood Parrot is thought to have been bred from a severum and red devil cichlid or possibly from a midas cichlid and a redhead cichlid. Birthed in Taiwan, many are against such unusual hybrids and there have been moves to remove these fish from the market and from other pet stores.

10. Zorse
ZorseA zebroid (also Zedonk, Zorse, Zebra Mule, Zonkey and Zebrule) is the offspring of any cross between a zebra and any other equine: essentially, a zebra hybrid.

11. Zonkey
ZonkeyA rare baby zonkey Khumba was born in a zoo in Mexico. This animal is a hybrid between a zebra and a donkey.

12. Zebroid
ZebroidIf this isn’t the most adorable animal out there, I don’t know what is. The Zebroid may have the characteristic black and white stripes its paternal zebra wears, but it still maintains many of the physical attributes of the maternal donkey. Although they can be difficult to train, they’re often every bit as useful as their equine mothers. It’s amazing though, Zebras have been known to procreate with all sorts of other animals including the horse (the “Zorse”) and even Shetland ponies (the “Zetland”).

13. Mule
muleA Mule is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse.

14. Cama
cama finalA humpless camel, Cama is a hybrid between a male camel and female llama that was produced through artificial insemination at the Central Reproduction Centre in Dubai. The first Cama was born in 1998. Bred as a pet, the Cama is smaller to and friendlier than the infamously ill-tempered camel. Camas are kept as pets in many parts of the world and are often referred to as terrific companions by their owners.

15. Beefalo
BeefaloBeefalo are the fertile offspring of domestic cattle and American bison. Aiming to steer your eye towards beef production, a recent USDA study showed Beefalo meat, like bison meat, actually tended to be lower in fat and cholesterol. They are also thought to produce less damage to range land than cattle. Interesting nonetheless.

16. Dzo
DzoA hybrid of a yak and domestic cattle (usually a cow), which is both stronger and larger than its parent. The word Dzo refers to a male and for the female, Dzomo is used. Dzo is often used as a ‘pack animal’, for transporting heavy goods high up in the mountains.

17. Iron Age Pig
iron age pig finalThe Iron Age pig is a hybrid between a wild boar and a domestic Tamworth pig meant to recreate the type of pig represented by prehistoric art works of the Iron Age, in ancient Europe. Generally, they are only raised in Europe for a speciality meat market, and in keeping with their heritage are generally more aggressive and harder to handle than pure domestic pigs.

18. Geep
geepA sheep-goat hybrid -sometimes called a Geep in popular media – is the hybrid offspring of a sheep and a goat.

19. Yakalo
YakaloThe Yakalo is a cross of the yak and the American bison. It was produced by hybridisation experiments in the 1920s, when crosses were made between yak bulls and both pure bison cows and bison-cattle hybrid cows.

20. Female Hybrid Mallard
Female Hybrid MallardHere’s one you may have seen before, it’s a cross between the Northern Pintail duck and the traditional Mallard. This beautifully feathered creature may not seem all that, but we’ve got to admit it looks awesome!

21. Hybrid Pheasant
Hybrid PheasantHybrid pheasants, aren’t as easy to produce as hybrid ducks. They’re the cross between the Golden and Amherst Pheasant. And although their nature isn’t as interesting as the others, boy do they have a demanding demeanour. Mixes of blues, greens, yellows and even some reds make this bird demand attention. So it should.

22. Gamebird Hybrids
GamebirdGamebird Hybrids are the result of crossing species of game birds, including ducks, with each other and with domestic poultry.

For more posts/articles on Music, Mirth, Moments & Money, please visit my blog – https://my4ms.wordpress.com/

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30 Pilots & Flight Attendants Confess ~ The Best Kept Secrets You Don’t Know About Flying


The following question was posed on Reddit:

“Flight Attendants, pilots, or engineers –  What are some secrets that passengers don’t know when you fly in planes?”

Many answers were submitted, and here are 30 of the most interesting ones.

Note: Reading some of these responses may make you think twice about flying. You have been warned!

AirplaneOxygenMasks-11611. The True Story Behind Those Oxygen Masks
That if the oxygen masks drop down, you only have about 15 minutes of oxygen from the point of pulling them down. However, that is more than enough time for the pilot to take us to a lower altitude where you can breathe normally. More important – at altitude, you have 15-20 seconds before you pass out. Put yours on first, then do your kids. Passing out for a few seconds won’t harm the kids.

2. The Water In The Lavatories Is Very Dirty Too
Whatever you do, do not drink the water in the lavatories. It is bad enough to “wash” your hands in it. We sanitise the water tank at selected maintenance intervals, however parasites build tolerances to these cleaners. Check the outside of the aircraft when walking in. If the paint is crappy shape, the plane is in crappy shape. Skydrol (hydraulic fluid) is a lavatoriesnasty fluid and will dissolve everything. So if the paint is missing, it’s probably from a Skydrol leak. No one wants a hydraulic leak at 35,000 ft in the air. As you can’t just pull over and top the reservoir off.

3. Those Lavatories Unlock From The Outside
You are able to unlock airplane lavatories from the outside. There is usually a lock mechanism concealed behind the no smoking badge on the door. Just lift the flap up and slide the bolt to unlock.

4. The REAL Reason The Lights On The Airplane Dim When Landing
When a plane is landing at night, they dim the interior lights in case you need to evacuate upon landing… your eyes are already adjusted to the darkness so you’ll be able to see better once outside the plane.

plane lightning5. Lightning And The Power Of A Pilot
My dad’s been an airline pilot for almost 20 years, and apparently planes get struck by lightning all the time. Also if a passenger is causing a scene in the jetway he can refuse to let them on and take-off without them. The captain has almost limitless authority when the doors are closed. He is allowed to arrest people, write fines and even take the will of a dying passenger

6. A True Story Of A Bomb Threat
Bomb scareI have a friend who’s a commercial pilot. Around five years ago he was doing a flight from Los Angeles to Tokyo when an anonymous caller phoned in a bomb threat while they were over the middle of the Pacific. Apparently they have procedures for this kind of thing, but there was nothing anyone could do in this situation except stay calm and not alert the passengers (obviously). He said for the rest of the flight every bump of turbulence made his adrenaline spike. They took this case especially seriously because there was a group of foreign dignitaries sitting in the first class cabin.

7. Regarding Food On The Plane
My dad works for a large airline, he told me a few little things –
– 2 pilots are served different meals and cannot share, this is done in case of food poisoning.
– Stealing food, even if they are going to throw it out can get you fired instantly. You can ask your supervisor, but you cannot take food. They don’t want people messing with it.

8. The Truth About Flying With Pets
I am an aircraft fueler:- One thing I cannot stress enough is how your pets are treated. While your airline will take the best possible actions, some things cannot be avoided, like the noise on the ramp. I cannot stand out there without ear protection, and imagine your pet sitting out there on the ramp waiting to be loaded onto the plane being exposed to the same amount of noise I am. Please people, think twice before flying your pets.

9. What Flight Attendants Really Do After Telling The Plane To Turn Off Their Electronics
My sister is a flight attendant, she says after she tells everyone to turn off all electronics, she goes to the back and pulls out her phone and starts texting.

10. A Trick For Making More Space For Yourself
Arm rests – Aisle and window seat:- Run your hand along the underside of the armrest, just shy of the joint you’ll feel a button. Push it, and it will lift up. Adds a ton of room to the window seat and also makes getting out of the aisle a helluva lot easier.

11. Don’t Drink Water On A Plane That Didn’t Come From A Bottle
Former Lufthansa cargo agent here:- Do not EVER drink water on an aircraft that did not come from a bottle. Don’t even TOUCH IT. The reason being the ports to purge lavatory shit and refill the aircraft with potable water are within feet from each other and sometimes serviced all at once by the same guy. Not always, but if you’re not on the ramp watching, you’ll never know.

12. On The Importance Of Locking Your Bags
Lock your bags, carry-on bags included. Look online or in a travel store for TSA-approved locks. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has keys to open those locks in case they need to further inspect them (and hopefully not steal from them). And most people don’t think to lock their carry-on, but especially now with load factors very high, more and more people are having to gate check bags. Once you drop your bag at the end of the jetway for gate-checking, anyone from a fellow passenger, to a gate agent, to a ramp agent has access to your bag.

13. How A Pilot Approaches Landing
plane landing on wet runwayWhen you experience a hard landing in bad weather it wasn’t because of a lack of pilot skills but it is in fact intentional. If the runway is covered in water the airplane has to touch down hard in order to puncture the water layer and prevent aquaplaning. “Landings are nothing more than controlled crashes.” Pilot friend quote.

Tipping14. Tipping Could Go A Long Way
My girlfriend is a flight attendant. NO ONE tips flight attendants. If you give your FA a fiver with your first drink you’ll probably drink for free the rest of the flight.

15. Pilots Are Sleeping Most Of The Time
1/2 of pilots sleep while flying and 1/3 of the time they wake up to find their partner asleep.

16. Just Because You’re Flying With A Big Airline, Doesn’t Mean The Pilots Are Experienced
Regional airline pilot here:- You may have bought a ticket on Delta, United or American, but chances are you’ll be flying on a subcontractor. That means the pilots have a fraction of the experience, training, and pay of the big mainline carrier. Also, I don’t get paid enough to care if you make your connection. Most of the time we fly slower than normal to make more money. The only time we fly fast is if Air Traffic Control (ATC) tells us to or if it’s the go home leg.

turn off the cell phone17. The Truth Behind Turning Off Electronics
Pilot here:- Having to turn off electronics on a plane is totally useless. Mobile electronic devices won’t really bring an airplane down but they can be really annoying to pilots. Just imagine sitting in the flight deck descending to your destination and hearing the interference of a 100+ cell phones picking up a signal. I have missed a few clearances that way.

skymall18. Sky Mall Is One Big Rip-Off
Secret: All of the stuff in Sky Mall can be purchased on the internet for much less money.

checked baggage19. How Your Checked Bags Are Really Treated
If it says “Fragile”, it’s getting thrown harder. If it says “This Side Up”, it’s going to be upside down. We have to fit freight and 100+ bags in a cargo pit.

20. A Flight Attendant Reveals Just How Dirty Everything Truly Is
I worked for Southwest as a flight attendant. Those blankets and pillows? Yeah, those just get refolded and stuffed back in the bins between flights. Only fresh ones I ever saw were on an originating first flight in the morning in a provisioning city. Also, if you have ever spread your peanuts on your tray and eaten, or really just touched your tray at all, you have more than likely ingested baby poo. I saw more dirty diapers laid out on those trays than food. And those trays, yeah, never saw them cleaned or sanitised once.

Airline Baggage Fees21. A Loophole So You Never Have To Pay Baggage Fees
You can almost always gate check baggage (unless it’s abnormally large) take two large carry-ons and ask them to gate check one. It’s free and I never pay fees.

22. Most Flights Are Also Carrying Human Organs
The majority of domestic flights have human remains or organs on them. I work below wing as a baggage handler. Watch out of the window for long boxes that say, “Head” at one end. Oh, and I can fit 150 bags in bin 3 of a Boeing 737-300.

23. Airports Haven’t Covered All Of Their Security Bases Yet
There are actually legitimate security loopholes that, if widely known, would let average citizens get right next to airliners, runways, and taxiways. Like any system, if you know how it works, you know where the cracks are.

24. Planes Without Engines Can Still Glide For A Really Long Time
A pilot told me if both engines fail, a plane can glide 6 nautical miles for every 5000 feet. So at 35,000 feet, a plane can glide about 42 miles without power. It’s why most accidents happen during landing or taking off.

25. The Drinking Water Used For Coffee And Tea Is FILTHY
coffee teaThe drinking water that is used for making coffee, tea etc., should NEVER be consumed. The holding tanks in these sometimes 60 year old planes are never cleaned. They have accumulated so much greenish grime on the walls that in some places it can be inches thick. This one is very known by all airline employees.

26. Why It’s Always Easier To Just Take The Batteries Out
Women: if you pack a toy in your bag, take the batteries out. Because if while loading your bag, one can hear it vibrating then the lead supervisor has to be informed. The lead supervisor will then pull you off the aircraft and you have to open your bag and turn off your toy in front of a bunch of giggling grown ass men.

27. Planes Have A Hard Time Flying On Hot Days
I worked the ramp in Phoenix. On especially hot days, we had to offload cargo because planes struggled to take off in the thin air.

28. Even The Headphones That Come Wrapped Up Aren’t New
HeadphonesI used to work for a warehouse that supplied a certain airline with items. The headsets that are given to you are not new, despite being wrapped up. They are taken off the flight, “Cleaned”, and then packaged again.

29. How To Tell From The Ground If A Plane Is Being Hijacked
If the plane is being hijacked when the pilot lands they will leave the wing flaps up that slow the plane down, this is to signal to the airport authorities that there is something happening in the plane.

30. The Real Reason There Are Still Ashtrays In The Lavatories
ashtrayHere’s one:- Ashtrays in the lavatories are mandatory equipment even though the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) banned smoking on flights years ago. The reasoning is that if people do decide to smoke, they want them to have a place other than the trash can to throw the butt.

Now that you have learned about these secrets about flying, don’t forget to share them with your friends!

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Accidental Discoveries

Very often, we as humans do things that we did not plan to do or intend to do.

Therefore, it is safe to assume that we cannot always predict the results of our actions and/or plans.

Here are some examples of how things just happen — “ACCIDENTALLY” — Oooopppssss!!! 😉

Read on!!! 🙂

—– Porus
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Our Amazing Human Body

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The Human Body is a treasure trove of mysteries, one that still confounds doctors and scientists about how it works. It’s not an overstatement to say that every part of your body is a miracle.

It’s possible for your body to survive without large fractions of its internal organs. Even if you lose your stomach, your spleen, 75% of your liver, 80% of your intestines, one kidney, one lung, and virtually every organ from your pelvic and groin area, you wouldn’t be very healthy, but you would live.

During your lifetime, you will produce enough saliva to fill two swimming pools. Actually, Saliva is more important than you realize. If your saliva cannot dissolve something, you cannot taste it.

The largest cell in the human body is the female egg and the smallest is the male sperm. The egg is actually the only cell in the body that is visible by the naked eye.

The strongest muscle in the human body is the tongue and the hardest bone is the jawbone.

Human feet have 52 bones, accounting for one-quarter of all the human body’s bones. Feet have 500,000 sweat glands and can produce more than a pint of sweat a day.

The acid in your stomach is strong enough to dissolve razor blades. The reason it doesn’t eat away at your stomach is that the cells of your stomach wall renew themselves so frequently that you get a new stomach lining ever three to four days.

The human lungs contain approximately 2,400 kilometres (1,500 mi) of airways and 300 to 500 million hollow cavities, having a total surface area of about 70 square metres, roughly the same area as one side of a tennis court. Furthermore, if all of the capillaries that surround the lung cavities were unwound and laid end to end, they would extend for about 992 kilometres. Also, your left lung is smaller than your right lung to make room for your heart.

Sneezes regularly exceed 100 mph, while coughs clock in at about 60 mph.

Your body gives off enough heat in 30 minutes to bring half a gallon of water to a boil.

Your body has enough iron in it to make a nail 3 inches long.

Everyone has a unique smell, except for identical twins, who smell the same.

Your teeth start growing 6 months before you are born. This is why one out of every 2,000 newborn infants has a tooth when they are born.

A baby’s head is one-quarter of its total length, but by the age of 25 will only be one-eighth of its total length. This is because people’s heads grow at a much slower rate than the rest of their bodies.

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Babies are born with 300 bones, but by adulthood the number is reduced to 206. Some of the bones, like skull bones, get fused into each other, bringing down the total number.

Your nose can remember 50,000 different scents. But if you are a woman, you are a better smeller than men, and will remain a better smeller throughout your life.

The human body is estimated to have 60,000 miles of blood vessels

The three things pregnant women dream most of during their first trimester are frogs, worms and potted plants. Scientists have no idea why this is so, but attribute it to the growing imbalance of hormones in the body during pregnancy.

The life span of a human hair is 3 to 7 years on average. Every day the average person loses 60-100 strands of hair. But don’t worry, you must lose over 50% of your scalp hairs before it is apparent to anyone.

The human brain cell can hold 5 times as much information as an encyclopaedia. Your brain uses 20% of the oxygen that enters your bloodstream, and is itself made up of 80% water. Though it interprets pain signals from the rest of the body, the brain itself cannot feel pain.

The tooth is the only part of the human body that can’t repair itself.

Your eyes are always the same size from birth but your nose and ears never stop growing.

By 60 years of age, 60% of men and 40% of women will snore.

We are about 1 cm taller in the morning than in the evening, because during normal activities during the day, the cartilage in our knees and other areas slowly compress.

The brain operates on the same amount of power as 10-watt light bulb, even while you are sleeping. In fact, the brain is much more active at night than during the day.

Nerve impulses to and from the brain travel as fast as 170 miles per hour. Neurons continue to grow throughout human life. Information travels at different speeds within different types of neurons.

It is a fact that people who dream more often and more vividly, on an average have a higher Intelligence Quotient.

The fastest growing nail is on the middle finger.

Facial hair grows faster than any other hair on the body. This is true for men as well as women.

There are as many hairs per square inch on your body as a chimpanzee.

A human baby acquires fingerprints at the age of three months.

By the age of 60, most people will have lost about half their taste buds.

About 32 million bacteria call every inch of your skin home. But don’t worry, a majority of these are harmless or even helpful bacteria.

The colder the room you sleep in, the higher the chances are that you’ll have a bad dream.

Human lips have a reddish colour because of the great concentration of tiny capillaries just below the skin.

Three hundred million cells die in the human body every minute.

Like fingerprints, every individual has a unique tongue print that can be used for identification.

A human head remains conscious for about 15 to 20 seconds after it has been decapitated. — (“This is the only one that bothers me on this list.”)

It takes 17 muscles to smile and 43 to frown.

Humans can make do longer without food than sleep, provided there is water. The average human could survive a month to two months without food; depending on their body fat and other factors. Sleep deprived people, however, start experiencing radical personality and psychological changes after only a few sleepless days. The longest recorded time anyone has ever gone without sleep is 11 days, at the end of which the experimenter was awake, but stumbled over words, hallucinated and frequently forgot what he was doing.

Every human spent about half an hour after being conceived, as a single cell. Shortly afterward, the cells begin rapidly dividing and begin forming the components of a tiny embryo.

Right-handed people live, on average, nine years longer than left-handed people do.

Humans are the only animals to produce emotional tears.

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Oh! The Joys Of Latin Ballroom Dancing!

TANGOI have always loved Latin Ballroom dances……. Tango, Salsa, Argentine Tango, Paso Doble, Cha Cha, Rumba, Jive…. The list goes on.

The couple featured in this post – “Alejandra Mantinan & Aoniken Quiroga” – have a certain style, flair and finish to their dancing. As always, professional Latin Ballroom dancing is pleasure to the aural and visual senses.

The raw primal energy and passion, the body lines, the intricate steps – especially those in the Argentine Tango – these dancers carve up the dance floor and leave you breathless at the end of each performance.

You will note that the male performer, despite his apparent bulkiness is elegant, graceful, nimble-footed and obviously a master at this form of dancing. Who says that “big” people can’t dance? 😉

Hope you enjoy these lovely dances as much as I do! 😀

—- Porus








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